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Defined in an area of 10,908 square kilometres (4,212 sq mi), Kosovo is landlocked in the center of the Balkans and bordered by the uncontested territory of Serbia to the north and east, North Macedonia to the southeast, Albania to the southwest and Montenegro to the west. Geographically, Kosovo possesses varied and opposing landscapes for its size determined by the ideal climate along with the geology and hydrology. Most of central Kosovo is dominated by the vast plains and fields of Dukagjin and Kosovo. The Albanian Alps and Šar Mountains rise in the southwest and southeast respectively.
The earliest known human settlements in what is now Kosovo were the Paleolithic Vinča and Starčevo cultures. During the Classical period, it was inhabited by the Illyrian–Dardanian and Celtic people. In 168 BC, the area was annexed by the Romans.
In the Middle Ages, it was conquered by the Byzantine, Bulgarian and Serbian Empires. The Battle of Kosovo of 1389 is considered to be one of the defining moments in Serbian medieval history. The region was the core of the Serbian medieval state, which has also been the seat of the Serbian Orthodox Church from the 14th century, when its status was upgraded to a patriarchate.
Kosovo was part of the Ottoman Empire from the 15th to the early 20th century. In the late 19th century, it became the centre of the Albanian National Awakening. Following their defeat in the Balkan Wars, the Ottomans ceded Kosovo to Serbia and Montenegro. Both countries joined Yugoslavia after World War I, and following a period of Yugoslav unitarianism in the Kingdom, the post-World War II Yugoslav constitution established the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija within the Yugoslav constituent republic of Serbia.
Tensions between Kosovo’s Albanian and Serb communities simmered through the 20th century and occasionally erupted into major violence, culminating in the Kosovo War of 1998 and 1999, which resulted in the withdrawal of the Yugoslav army and the establishment of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. On 17 February 2008, Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence from Serbia. It has since gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by 113 UN member states. Serbia does not recognize Kosovo as a sovereign state, although with the Brussels Agreement of 2013, it has accepted its institutions. While Serbia recognizes administration of the territory by Kosovo’s elected government, it continues to claim it as the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija.
Kosovo has a lower-middle-income economy and has experienced solid economic growth over the last decade by international financial institutions, and has experienced growth every year since the onset of the 2008 global financial crisis. Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund, World Bank, Regional Cooperation Council, and has applied for membership of Interpol and for observer status in the Organization of the Islamic Cooperation.
Kosovo is a disputed territory and de facto independent country in South Eastern Europe, in central Balkans, with its capital as Pristina. After a lengthy and often violent dispute with Serbia, Kosovo declared independence in February 2008 and (as of 16 October 2012) 110 UN states recognize this and it has become a member country of the IMF and World Bank as the Republic of Kosovo.
Though a secular republic, it is largely Albanian-speaking (although both Albanian and Serbian are spoken) and Muslim but there are also significant numbers of minorities living within its borders. The Euro is its official currency.
Types of Visa to Kosovo
There are several visa types that can be granted to travelers who wish to get into Kosovo, and this depends on the purpose of the travel.
- Tourist Visa
- Business Visa
- Work Visa
Where to Go
There is no Kosovar embassy or consulate here in Nigeria, but bearers of valid multiple entry Schengen visa may enter the Republic of Kosovo without having to obtain a Kosovo visa. On arrival though, if you intend staying for some time you would need to register at the Police Department for the Registration of Foreigners.
So you could acquire a Schengen visa from any of the Schengen member country’s consulate here in Nigeria such as the Austrian embassy, this will allow you entrance into the Kosovar borders.
Embassy of Austria in Abuja, Nigeria
Plot 9, Usuma Street, Maitama, Abuja, Nigeria.
Phone: +234-706-4183226, +234 (0)9 291 5465
Email: [email protected]
Website URL: www.aussenministerium.at/abuja
Here are the required documents needed when applying for a business visa.
- Visa application form completely filled (in block letters) and signed.
- Recent passport sized photographs which captures the full face with a light background is required.
- National passport with validity exceeding the expected return date, with at least two blank pages.
- Copy of the passports data sheet (page on which the photo is located).
- Copies of your previous visas (if any).
- A cover letter stating the purpose of visit to Kosovo and itinerary.
- Flight Itinerary with dates and flight numbers specifying entry and exit from Kosovo.
- Health Insurance. Proof of health insurance covering international travel.
- Foreign Exchange or Credit Card copy. Applicant must provide Foreign Exchange or Credit Card copy.
- Hotel reservation for the duration of the intended stay in Kosovo.
- A proof of your civil status (marriage certificate, birth certificate of children, death certificate of spouse if applicable).
- Proof of legal stay (if the application is not presented in the country of origin).
- Proof of sufficient financial means for the period of stay in Kosovo.
- If you will be receiving financial support from a host or other sponsor in Kosovo, their bank statement would be required. Please provide a copy of that individual’s bank statement. Please note that the invitation letter from your host should specifically state the types of support they will be providing (financial, accommodations, etc.).
- Original Business letter, signed by the inviting company on the company letter paper, providing information about the travel purpose, specifying the type and desired validity of the visa.
- Proof of previous trade relations between the two companies, if any exists.
- Certificate of employment (if employed).
- If you are retired please submit proof of your retirement fund.
- A certificate from your employer stating/allowing your business travel (if employed).
- Trade register excerpt or the like (for self-employed).
- Bank statement for the last 3 months.
- Proof of group travel (if the travel is going to done in a group).
- Trade License (first issued and present renewal).
- Visa fees for visa
According to each individual case the competent embassy may request for additional documentation.
For further information, and all types of visas, please call or visit the appropriate embassy in Nigeria.
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