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The capital and largest city is Reykjavík, with Reykjavík and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country being home to over two-thirds of the population. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active.
The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains, and glaciers, and many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. Its high latitude and marine influence keep summers chilly, with most of the archipelago having a tundra climate.
In the following centuries, Norwegians, and to a lesser extent other Scandinavians, emigrated to Iceland, bringing with them thralls (i.e., slaves or serfs) of Gaelic origin. The island was governed as an independent commonwealth under the Althing, one of the world’s oldest functioning legislative assemblies.
Following a period of civil strife, Iceland acceded to Norwegian rule in the 13th century. The establishment of the Kalmar Union in 1397 united the kingdoms of Norway, Denmark, and Sweden. Iceland thus followed Norway’s integration into that union, coming under Danish rule after Sweden’s secession from the union in 1523.
Although the Danish kingdom introduced Lutheranism forcefully in 1550, Iceland remained a distant semi-colonial territory in which Danish institutions and infrastructures were conspicuous by their absence. In the wake of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, Iceland’s struggle for independence took form and culminated in independence in 1918 and the founding of a republic in 1944.
Until the 20th century, Iceland relied largely on subsistence fishing and agriculture, and was among the poorest countries in Europe. Industrialisation of the fisheries and Marshall Plan aid following World War II brought prosperity and Iceland became one of the wealthiest and most developed nations in the world. In 1994, it became a part of the European Economic Area, which further diversified the economy into sectors such as finance, biotechnology, and manufacturing.
Iceland has a market economy with relatively low taxes, compared to other OECD countries.It maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens.Iceland ranks high in economic, democratic, social stability, and equality, currently ranking first in the world by median wealth per adult.
In 2018, it was ranked as the sixth most developed country in the world by the United Nations’ Human Development Index, and it ranks first on the Global Peace Index.Iceland runs almost completely on renewable energy. Hit hard by the worldwide financial crisis, the nation’s entire banking system systemically failed in October 2008, leading to a severe depression, substantial political unrest, the Icesave dispute, and the institution of capital controls. Some bankers were jailed.
Since then, the economy has made a significant recovery, in large part due to a surge in tourism. A law that took effect in 2018 makes it illegal in Iceland for women to be paid less than men.
Icelandic culture is founded upon the nation’s Scandinavian heritage. Most Icelanders are descendants of Norse and Gaelic settlers. Icelandic, a North Germanic language, is descended from Old West Norse and is closely related to Faroese and West Norwegian dialects.
The country’s cultural heritage includes traditional Icelandic cuisine, Icelandic literature, and medieval sagas. Iceland has the smallest population of any NATO member and is the only one with no standing army, with a lightly armed coast guard.
Nigerian Visa To Iceland
Iceland, a Nordic island nation, is characterized by its dramatic landscape with volcanoes, geysers, hot springs and lava fields. In Vatnajökull and Snæfellsjökull national parks massive glaciers are protected. Reykjavik is irs capital and most populous city. The city runs on geothermal power and is home to the National and Saga museums, tracing Iceland’s Viking history.
Iceland is the most sparsely populated country in Europe but is the world’s 18th largest island, and Europe’s second largest island after Great Britain. It is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. Its high latitude and marine influence still keeps summers chilly, with most of the archipelago having a tundra climate.
Icelandic is its official language, and the currency in use is the Icelandic krona.
Types of Visa to Iceland
There are different types of visa that can be granted into Iceland, and these can broadly be divided into two groups depending on the intended purpose of the travel.
- Long Term visa
• Study • Work • Marriage • Family stay
- Short Term visa
• Tourism • Business • Transit • Visit
Where to Go
There is no Iceland consulate or embassy here in Nigeria but Iceland is a Schengen state, so a valid visa to any other country that is part of the Schengen agreement would grant you access into the Iceland borders. So the British High Commission or any other Schengen country’s consulate here in Nigeria should do.
British High Commission Abuja
19 Torrens Close, Mississippi, Abuja, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected], [email protected]
British Deputy High Commission Lagos
11 Walter Carrington Crescent, Victoria Island, Lagos, Nigeria.
Phone: +234-1-2770780, +234-1-2770781, +234-1-2770782
Email: [email protected]
In applying for a business visa to Iceland the following documents would be required for the application.
- Visa application form completely filled (in
block letters) and signed.
- Recent passport sized photographs which captures the full face with a light background is required.
- National passport with validity exceeding the expected return date, with at least two blank pages.
- Copy of the passports data sheet (page on which the photo is located).
- Copies of your previous visas (if any).
- A cover letter stating the purpose of visit to Iceland and itinerary.
- Flight Itinerary with dates and flight numbers specifying entry and exit from Iceland.
- Health Insurance. Proof of health insurance covering international travel.
- Hotel reservation for the duration of the intended stay in Iceland.
- A proof of your civil status (marriage certificate, birth certificate of children, death certificate of spouse if applicable).
- Proof of legal stay (if the application is not presented in the country of origin).
- Proof of sufficient financial means for the period of stay in Iceland.
- If you will be receiving financial support from a host or other sponsor in Iceland, their bank statement would be required. Please provide a copy of that individual’s bank statement. Please note that the invitation letter from your host should specifically state the types of support they will be providing (financial, accommodations, etc.).
- Original Business letter, signed by the inviting company on the company letter paper, providing information about the travel purpose, specifying the type and desired validity of the visa.
- Proof of previous trade relations between the two companies, if any exists.
- Certificate of employment (if employed).
- If you are retired please submit proof of your retirement fund.
- A certificate from your employer stating/allowing your business travel (if employed).
- Trade register excerpt or the like (for self-employed).
- Tax reports.
- Bank statement for the last 3 months.
- Proof of group travel (if the travel is going to done in a group).
- Trade License (first issued and present renewal).
- Visa fees for visa
According to each individual case the competent embassy may request for additional documentation.
For further information, and all types of visas, please call or visit the appropriate consular office.
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