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Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south. With an estimated population of around 16.6 million,it is the most populated country in Central America. Guatemala is a representative democracy; its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.
The territory of modern Guatemala once formed the core of the Maya civilization, which extended across Mesoamerica. Most of the country was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century, becoming part of the viceroyalty of New Spain. Guatemala attained independence in 1821 as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, which dissolved by 1841.
From the mid to late 19th century, Guatemala experienced chronic instability and civil strife. Beginning in the early 20th century, it was ruled by a series of dictators backed by the United Fruit Company and the United States government. In 1944, authoritarian leader Jorge Ubico was overthrown by a pro-democratic military coup, initiating a decade-long revolution that led to sweeping social and economic reforms. A U.S.-backed military coup in 1954 ended the revolution and installed a dictatorship.
From 1960 to 1996, Guatemala endured a bloody civil war fought between the US-backed government and leftist rebels, including genocidal massacres of the Maya population perpetrated by the military.Since a United Nations-negotiated peace accord, Guatemala has witnessed both economic growth and successful democratic elections, though it continues to struggle with high rates of poverty, crime, drug trade, and instability. As of 2014, Guatemala ranks 31st of 33 Latin American and Caribbean countries in terms of the Human Development Index.
Nigerian Visa To Guatemala
Guatemala is a Central American country, located south-East of Mexico. It is the most populated country in Central America, with an estimated population of around 15.8 million. It is home to volcanoes, rain-forests and ancient Mayan sites. Guatemala City is its capital, Spanish is its official language of communication, and the Guatemalan quetzal is the currency in use.
Guatemala attained independence in 1821 as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, which dissolved in 1841. Guatemala’s abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems includes a large number of endemic species and contributes to Mesoamerica’s designation as a biodiversity hotspot.
Types of Visa to Guatemala
There are several visa types that can be granted to travelers who wish to get into Guatemala borders, and this depends on the purpose of the travel.
- Tourist visa
- Business visa
- Transit visa
Where to Go
There is no Guatemalan embassy or consulate here in Nigeria, but a visa into Guatemala can be obtained from any other country with a Guatemalan embassy. You can find a list of countries that have a Guatemalan embassy or consulate here.
It is important to have all the required documents ready when apply for a visa of any sort. Below is a list of documents you would be needing when applying for a Guatemalan business visa.
- Visa application form completely filled (in block letters) and signed.
- Recent passport sized photographs which captures the full face with a light background is required.
- National passport with validity exceeding the expected return date, with at least two blank pages.
- Copy of the passports data sheet (page on which the photo is located).
- Copies of your previous visas (if any).
- A cover letter stating the purpose of visit to Guatemala and itinerary.
- Flight Itinerary with dates and flight numbers specifying entry and exit from Guatemala.
- Health Insurance. Proof of health insurance covering international travel.
- Hotel reservation for the duration of the intended stay in Guatemala.
- A proof of your civil status (marriage certificate, birth certificate of children, death certificate of spouse if applicable).
- Proof of legal stay (if the application is not presented in the country of origin).
- Proof of sufficient financial means for the period of stay in Guatemala.
- If you will be receiving financial support from a host or other sponsor in Guatemala, their bank statement would be required. Please provide a copy of that individual’s bank statement. Please note that the invitation letter from your host should specifically state the types of support they will be providing (financial, accommodations, etc.).
- Original Business letter, signed by the inviting company on the company letter paper, providing information about the travel purpose, specifying the type and desired validity of the visa.
- Proof of previous trade relations between the two companies, if any exists.
- Certificate of employment (if employed).
- If you are retired please submit proof of your retirement fund.
- A certificate from your employer stating/allowing your business travel (if employed).
- Trade register excerpt or the like (for self-employed).
- Bank statement for the last 3 months.
- Proof of group travel (if the travel is going to done in a group).
- Trade License (first issued and present renewal).
- Visa fees for visa
According to each individual case the competent embassy may request for additional documentation.
For further information, and all types of visas, please call or visit the appropriate Guatemalan embassy.
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